Federal Law No. 415-FZ of December 28, 2013 amended the Forest Code of the Russian Federation to determine the procedure for accounting for wood and transactions with it, as well as providing for the specifics of marking and transporting wood. The adopted changes come into force in stages.
On February 1, 2014, a ban came into force on the alienation or transfer from one person to another by other means of wood harvested by citizens for their own needs (heating, construction of buildings, etc.).
Since July 1, 2014, the transportation of wood, with the exception of wood harvested by citizens for their own needs, by any type of transport must be carried out with an accompanying document, which indicates information about the owner, consignor, consignee, carrier of wood, its volume, species (species) and assortment composition, points of departure and destination, the number of the declaration of timber transactions, as well as the number of the state registration plate of the vehicle on which the timber is transported (in the case of its transportation by road).
From January 1, 2015, wood obtained from the use of forests and during the implementation of measures for their protection, protection, reproduction, will be subject to accounting before it is removed from the forest.
Accounting for timber harvested by citizens for their own needs will be carried out by state authorities, local authorities, concluding contracts for the sale and purchase of forest plantations for their own needs.
In other cases, timber accounting should be carried out by legal entities, citizens, using forests on their own.
From July 1, 2015, legal entities and individual entrepreneurs who have concluded transactions with wood, within five working days from the date of the conclusion, amendment or termination of the agreement on the alienation of wood, will be obliged to submit to the authorized bodies a declaration on transactions with wood containing information on the owners of the wood. , parties to transactions, on the volume of wood, on its species (species) and assortment composition, on the documents on the basis of which wood harvesting was carried out, information on the contract under which the wood is purchased or alienated, as well as on the place of storage of wood (if any) …
In order to establish responsibility for violation of the above legislative requirements, the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation has been supplemented by the corresponding article 8.28.1, the norms of which will also come into force in stages. The Forestry Code of the Russian Federation was supplemented by Art. 99.1, according to which illegally harvested timber, vehicles and other tools for illegal timber harvesting are subject to gratuitous seizure, confiscation in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.